WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

เผยแพร่เมื่อ 19 ก.ค. 2018
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Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)
Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:

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  • Thank you for that important information.

  • Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

  • This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

  • Subtitles suck shit

  • why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

  • The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

  • Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

  • Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

    • The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

  • They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

  • I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

  • I miss the Concord also

  • Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

  • German?

  • Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

  • Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

  • When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

  • I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

  • Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

  • Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

  • Captain? really?

  • Excellent explanation 👍

  • The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

  • Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

  • Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

  • Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

    • To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

  • Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

  • I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

  • What's the word again heavy

  • Because Great Scotts! Was taken

  • You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

  • its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

  • I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

  • I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

  • The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

  • Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

  • Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

  • @8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

  • good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

  • You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

  • depends on the size of the flight attendants

  • I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?.....lol!

  • No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

  • Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

  • Very cool information!!!!

  • It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

  • If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

  • When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

  • 👍🏼

  • How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

  • Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

  • 8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

  • 8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

  • It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

  • Very concise explanation, well done

  • Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

  • If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

  • So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

    • @Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

    • So it’s your first day here, huh?

  • I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

  • Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

  • cause it sounds cool?

  • BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .

  • You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

  • Thanks for the information. Excellent!

  • I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

  • I learned something. Thanks.

  • Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

  • That’s great Info very interesting

  • “God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

  • Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

  • 7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

  • My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

  • this is so cool

  • Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

  • Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

  • I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

  • hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

  • This was fascinating! Had no idea but makes sense.

  • Boeing 747 is "Heavy" Airbus A380 is "Super".......

  • Thanks, I've always wondered what "heavy" signified

  • Always wondered about the "heavy ", thank you for taking the time.

    • all 3 seconds........

  • so yes are nails in wood houses slowly shaken loose if in a flight path ?

  • Cuman in time 2:14 U have traditional PZL-104 Wilga/Gull.... NOT some ultra light plane....

  • ...and that is the reason there is so much empty and cleared fields around airports. Now, I know

  • An-225 *SUPER HEAVY*

  • Sort of like the wake a (speedy) boat leaves behind on water.

  • I’ve always wondered what heavy meant for thanks

  • And geese and ducks have figured this out without a slide rule.

  • Blasted out of the video by an ad.

  • What? I tend to listen to atc transmissions nearby and never heard heavy... isn't it reserved to the busiest airports? Also I heard speedbird callsign from the USA airports usually...

  • I was in a small plane as a passenger once that hit wake turbulence. The plane rolled 45 degrees right then quickly rolled 45 degrees left before leveling. I didn’t realize what happened at the time but the panic in the pilot’s voice certainly didn’t help 😂

  • I still remember when we could fly to places.

  • Wake turbulence caused the crash of small jet at John Wayne airport in Southern California killing top executives of the In-N- Out Burgher chain. This happened several years ago.

  • "lined up like pearls on a necklace." I want to be sure ARTCCs get credit for that too 😉. TRACON may take credit but they merely fine tuned what center did, believe me! But I know what you meant, haha

  • They really are fat shaming the concorde

  • Hi Tom you won’t read this but if anyone else can answer the question it would be great. Why do fighter planes or stunt shows like the red arrows not get affected by the wake from the other aircrafts in front as the fly all most touching

  • A little late to the party here....but does aircraft design play a factor in the trailing plane? For example....can a fighter jet "tolerate" wake turbulence better than a more standard aircraft....thereby having the ability to fly closer? Also.....is the turbulence different between jet and prop aircraft of similar size....or is a faster plane different from a slower one?

  • So basically, he is talking about invisible waves! lol... Better to ride my boat than the plane -:)

  • Very Good!

  • Heavy, is a dietary term. A public admission and shaming, a confession of being fat. ATC lists all Fat pilots for further exercise and salads.

  • Do you remember the time a student pilot flew a 767 heavy like a car threw the front door of a auditors office looking for missing money and the people who were supposed to stop the plane are the people who Lost the money lol